1. Discuss how self-efficacy, self-worth, and anxiety each affects motivation.


Self-efficacy.  It is a person’s belief in his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation. Bandura described these beliefs as determinants of how people think, behave, and feel (1994). Motivation increases when a person has the ability to successfully deliver what is demanded of him by the situation.

For example, believing that you have the talent and skill in what you are doing say, in sports, you are motivated to perform well all the more because you know that you are good at it..


Self – worth. Self-worth (self esteem) is a more affective or emotional reaction to the self. It can mean taking pride in yourself and your behavior, feeling good about yourself and accomplishments, and having a general positive image of yourself. People with high self-worth are motivated to succeed because of their positive perception of themselves.

For example, your positive outlook you have for yourself motivates you to contribute more to society because you know that you can make a difference in the lives of others.


Anxiety.  According to Csikszentmihaly is experienced when skill level is low and challenge level is high. It causes distorted cognitive processes, muscle tension, irritability and fatigue. People who are experiencing anxiety become poorly motivated.

For example, in taking exams which you failed to prepare for causes you to experience what many people know as a mental block.  A condition that impairs your understanding and lowers your performance.


  1. How does one’s belief about the nature of intelligence affect motivational approaches to learning? 


Someone once said you become who you think you are.  We are only limited by our own thinking.  Understanding the nature of intelligence –  its complexities and intricacies and knowing that it can be significantly improved motivate learners like us. It gives us a positive point of view in terms of setting higher goals for developing our intellectual faculties.




What Is Self-Efficacy?


By D. H. Schunk|P. R. Pintrich|J. Meece

Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall

Updated on Jul 20, 2010



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